The queen of the flowers, and by far the most popular cut flower is the rose. Roses have been praised for centuries for their beauty, the history of this flower goes far back in time. The Egyptians, Greeks, Persians, and Romans were already familiar with this flower and used the flower in different rituals.
The Persians made oil of Roses. The Greeks also made Rose oil and used it for balsaming their beloved dead ones. The Romans used the flowers to keep diseases away and used them for ceremonies and parties. The oldest fossil remains of Rose petals are found in California and are about 40 million years old. A religious legend tells the story that Roses did not have thorns in Paradise, but developed them when Eve and Adam had to leave.
The Rose has many different (religious) symbols. In general, the Rose stands for love, respect, and passion.
The symbolic meaning per color
- Red represents the blood of Christ and love and respect
- White represents purity, pure and genuine love
- Pink represents gratitude, happiness, and tenderness
- Orange represents mercy, desire, and joy
- Yellow represents friendship, happiness, and optimism
There are more than 2500 Rose varieties. And every year there are new species introduced on the market. Roses are (and remain) popular, that’s the reason there is a lot of money available for breeding.
Colors, Shapes, and Availability
Roses are good available through the whole year. The color palette goes from white to yellow, pink, purple, orange and of course red. Also, a lot of bicolored varieties are available. A large part is being grown in Africa nowadays. Every day The Netherlands receive nine million Roses from this continent. With holidays, for example, Valentine’s Day or Mother’s Day, the number is much higher: around 23 million. Almost the entire Fair Trade assortment is from Africa. However, the Dutch Rose is still famous and is known for its excellent quality.
Because of the wide variety and big choice in colors, the Rose is the perfect flower to use in any floral design. It matches well with almost every flower. Important is to know which color mix you want to use, and which style you want to express. Go for a romantic look and use Rose with Snapdragon, Carnation, and Alstroemeria. Or go for a more bohemian look and combine Rose with Eustoma, Trachelium, and Leatherleaf.